Etiological Profile of Arthritis at the Teaching and Departmental Hospital Oueme-Plateau of Porto-Novo

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By Research Archive Posted on Jan 6, 2023
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Finangnon Armand Wanvoegbe, Ayaba Agossa, Kouessi Anthelme Agbodande, Adebayo Alassani, Edgard Tohounkpo, Yasmine Agonma, Alkinel Sokenou, Espoir Gandonou, Albert Dovonou, Angèle Azon Kouanou, Zavier Zomalheto American Journal of Internal Medicine (Science Publishing Group) 2022
English Republic of Benin
Abstract
Introduction: Arthritis is common in rheumatology and has a large number of causes. Our goal in this study was to find out the etiological profile of arthritis in the rheumatology unit of the Teaching and Departmental Hospital Oueme-Plateau. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study, with retrospective collection, on the files of patients who consulted the rheumatology unit of the Teaching and Departmental Hospital Oueme-Plateau of Porto-Novo, from May 2015 to September 2021. All patients with arthritis were included. The data collected were recorded and analyzed using EPI INFO software version 7.2. Results: Out of 2416 records, 68 patients presented with arthritis, i.e., a hospital frequency of 2.8%. The mean age was 49.3 (± 16.9) years with extremes of 5 and 80 years. The majority were women (60.3%) with a sex ratio of 0.7. These patients were hypertensive in 42.6% of cases and diabetic in 10.3% of cases. The non-specific biological inflammatory syndrome was present in 75.5% of the 53 patients who underwent these explorations. Polyarthritis was present in most cases (52.9%), followed by monoarthritis (26.5%). The most recurrent etiological groups were autoimmune causes (38.8%), microcrystalline (35.8%), and infectious (14.9%). Rheumatoid arthritis was the most frequent cause (36.8%), followed by gout (25.0%), chondrocalcinosis (10.3%), tuberculosis (7.3%), septic arthritis (4.4%), and mixed spondyloarthritis (4.4%). Autoimmune causes were the first etiological group in women (52.5%) and microcrystalline causes were the first etiological group in men (59.3%), with a statistically significant difference (p = 0.010). Conclusion: The causes of arthritis in the Teaching and Departmental Hospital Oueme-Plateau are multiple, but are dominated by autoimmune, microcrystalline, and infectious causes.
Arthritis, Autoimmune, Porto-Novo, Infectious, Microcrystalline

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Introduction: Arthritis is common in rheumatology and has a large number of causes. Our goal in this study was to find out the etiological profile of arthritis in the rheumatology unit of the Teaching and Departmental Hospital Oueme-Plateau. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study, with retrospective collection, on the files of patients who consulted the rheumatology unit of the Teaching and Departmental Hospital Oueme-Plateau of Porto-Novo, from May 2015 to September 2021. All patients with arthritis were included. The data collected were recorded and analyzed using EPI INFO software version 7.2. Results: Out of 2416 records, 68 patients presented with arthritis, i.e., a hospital frequency of 2.8%. The mean age was 49.3 (± 16.9) years with extremes of 5 and 80 years. The majority were women (60.3%) with a sex ratio of 0.7. These patients were hypertensive in 42.6% of cases and diabetic in 10.3% of cases. The non-specific biological inflammatory syndrome was present in 75.5% of the 53 patients who underwent these explorations. Polyarthritis was present in most cases (52.9%), followed by monoarthritis (26.5%). The most recurrent etiological groups were autoimmune causes (38.8%), microcrystalline (35.8%), and infectious (14.9%). Rheumatoid arthritis was the most frequent cause (36.8%), followed by gout (25.0%), chondrocalcinosis (10.3%), tuberculosis (7.3%), septic arthritis (4.4%), and mixed spondyloarthritis (4.4%). Autoimmune causes were the first etiological group in women (52.5%) and microcrystalline causes were the first etiological group in men (59.3%), with a statistically significant difference (p = 0.010). Conclusion: The causes of arthritis in the Teaching and Departmental Hospital Oueme-Plateau are multiple, but are dominated by autoimmune, microcrystalline, and infectious causes.

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